Some acronyms are useful and are widely understood, but many of the acronyms used in scientific papers hinder understanding and contribute to the increasing fragmentation of science. Here we report the results of an analysis of more than 24 million article titles and 18 million article abstracts published between and Acronym use has also increased over time, but the re-use of acronyms has declined. We found that from more than one million unique acronyms in our data, just over 2, 0. Acronyms are not the biggest current problem in science communication, but reducing their use is a simple change that would help readers and potentially increase the value of science. As the number of scientific papers published every year continues to grow, individual papers are also becoming increasingly specialised and complex Delanty, ; Bornmann and Mutz, ; Doubleday and Connell, ; Cordero et al. Writing scientific papers that are clearer to read could help to close this gap and increase the usefulness of scientific research Freeling et al. One feature that can make scientific papers difficult to read is the widespread use of acronyms Sword, ; Pinker, ; Hales et al.
Making Back Issues of PNAS Online Free
If you’re young and single, chances are you’re rejecting potential dates left and right on apps like Tinder, Bumble and OkCupid. It’s a brutal virtual world. Hundreds of people are whittled down to a few in minutes. In the seconds you lingered on one person’s profile, four pictures and an ambiguous job title, what made you swipe him or her to the right? First impressions count in ways you might not expect.
How people sit or where their arms and legs are in the images they share seem to loom large in potential daters’ calculations, according to experiments involving speed dating and an online dating app.
Changing the food system by standardizing date labeling, adopting new marketing practices, and other strategies can empower consumers, restaurants, and.
These metrics are regularly updated to reflect usage leading up to the last few days. Citations are the number of other articles citing this article, calculated by Crossref and updated daily. Find more information about Crossref citation counts. The Altmetric Attention Score is a quantitative measure of the attention that a research article has received online. Clicking on the donut icon will load a page at altmetric. Find more information on the Altmetric Attention Score and how the score is calculated.
In this study, we focus on the resolution limits for quasi 2-D single lines synthesized via focused electron-beam-induced direct-write deposition at 5 and 30 keV in a scanning electron microscope. To understand the relevant proximal broadening effects, the substrates were thicker than the beam penetration depth and we used the MeCpPt IV Me 3 precursor under standard gas injection system conditions. It is shown by experiment and simulation how backscatter electron yields increase during the initial growth stages which broaden the single lines consistent with the backscatter range of the deposited material.
By this it is shown that the beam diameter together with the evolving backscatter radius of the deposit material determines the achievable line widths even for ultrathin deposit heights in the subnm regime.
Medicine Supply Notification – Diazepam (Diazemuls) 10mg/2ml emulsion for injection
To better understand the underlying causes of autism spectrum disorders ASD , psychologists have been using brain scanning to compare brain structures in people with ASD and the general population. Keen to understand how differences in brain structure may be related to differences in cognition and perception in those with ASD, one line of research is looking at the connectivity between different regions of the brain. Previous work has suggested that white-matter connections are affected in people with ASD.
Long-distance connections in particular, have been thought to be less robust.
of Massachusetts—using only data on gender, date of birth, and home zip code. 15 (): –5, doi/pnas, cited in Zeynep Tufecki, parts that they post online or send as a JPEG file attached to an email or text.
In this paper, we present a model for the complete edge function onloading problem, which consists of three main phases: 1 Cyber foraging, which involves discovery of resources monitoring the state of edge resources, 2 edge function mapping, which involves matching requests to available resources, and 3 allocation, which involves assigning resources to mappings.
Using optimization theory, we show how these three phases are tightly connected, and how the wide spectrum of existing solutions that either solve a particular phase, or jointly solve two of the phases along with their interactions , are incomplete and may lead to inefficiencies. Moreover, with extensive simulation experiments we demonstrate that joint optimization of all three phases enables the edge network to host a larger set of constrained edge function requests.
To Catch Someone On Tinder, Stretch Your Arms Wide
CNN — Black newborn babies in the United States are more likely to survive childbirth if they are cared for by Black doctors, but three times more likely to die when looked after by White doctors, a study has found. Researchers from George Mason University analyzed data capturing 1. When cared for by White physicians, Black newborns were about three times more likely to die in the hospital than White newborns, the researchers found. And a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which covered the period between to and was published in June, found that Black infants still have more than twice the risk of dying as White infants.
The cub was born at p. Five years ago today, the first women graduated from the U.
Dominguez-Delmas (), “Shipwreck rates reveal Caribbean tropical cyclone response to past radiative forcing”, PNAS (12): –
PNAS is an important scientific journal that printed its first issue in and continues to publish highly cited research reports, commentaries, reviews, perspectives, feature articles, profiles, letters to the editor, and actions of the Academy. Coverage in PNAS broadly spans the biological, physical, and social sciences.
Although most of the papers published in the journal are in the biomedical sciences, PNAS recruits papers and publishes special features in the physical and social sciences and in mathematics. The NAS itself had been founded in as a private institution, but chartered by the US Congress, with the goal to “investigate, examine, experiment, and report upon any subject of science or art. For more than years, humans have mastered the art of refracting light by shaping glass into lenses, then bending or combining those lenses to amplify and clarify images either close-up and far-off.
Researchers from Aarhus University challenge one of the cornerstones of biochemistry, the Michaelis-Menten equation.
Date of Conference: Oct. Date Added to IEEE Xplore: 23 November ISBN Information: Electronic ISBN: USB ISBN.
Research articles over 4 weeks old will soon be available free at the PNAS web site, www. Both archives will date back to Added to more recent content from onward are almost 15, articles more than 70, pages from through , which were digitized through a joint venture with JSTOR. Mellon Foundation that is dedicated to helping the scholarly community take advantage of advances in information technologies.
This extensive PNAS archive will be available online at www. Expanding the number of free back issues is PNAS’s third online initiative for These three innovations by PNAS will advance and broaden scientific dissemination. As the official journal of the National Academy of Sciences, we strive to take a leadership role in scientific publishing. We also have a more parochial interest. We hope that these changes will entice authors to publish their best work in PNAS to take advantage of rapid publication and worldwide barrier-free distribution.
The costs of all three enterprises are relatively modest and were absorbed into our operating budget. In fact, the journal’s financial position is sufficiently strong that we sharply reduced author costs this year. We do not anticipate that making content free online will significantly undermine subscription and author revenue. We foresee that most institutions will maintain their print subscriptions.
Taubman Health Sciences Library
It is based. I will be reading every paper I receive, though if the paper does not go out for review, I will not be sending you detailed comments. I had to research this to get the right answer. Can anyone help me as its a video of my dad that has died!!. Sociologist afc0. PNAS papers can be freely accessed 6 months after publication, and many other.
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Patients in ICU are generally 60 years old. Ile de France is now in green area. About 51 new cases have been reported in Val-de-Marne et 49 new cases for , inhabitants over the past few days. Yet, please note that these new cases are rarely followed by hospitalizations so far. As of August 19, , the Parisian region totaled 74 clusters still active, including 30 in Paris.
The local health agency gives an update on the situation and we tell you more on the evolution of the number of clusters this week. In concrete words, it means that prefects of these departments can make local calls to limit the spread of the epidemic.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Beer is one of the oldest drinks humans have produced. The first chemically confirmed barley beer dates back to at least the 5th millennium BC in Iran, and was recorded in the written history of ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and spread throughout the world. Though, the ancient Chinese artifacts suggested that beer brewed with grapes, honey, hawthorns, and rice were produced as far back as 7, BC.
Archive of all online content. January 01, – August 18, Show Covers? Browse by Date · 1 · 2 · 3 · 4 · 5 · 6 · 7 · 8 · 9 · 10 · 11 · 12 · 13 · 14 · 15 · 16 ·
Your support means the Guardian remains open to all. With a digital subscription you can also enjoy our reporting without ads, at the pace that suits the moments of your day. News, sport and opinion from the Guardian’s global edition All world news stories. Alexei Navalny Russian opposition figure arrives in Germany for treatment for suspected poisoning. Doctors treating Navalny for suspected poisoning permit hospital discharge after standoff with family.
California wildfires States send help as wine country and Bay Area burn. Area bigger than Rhode Island burns as resources stretched, with at least , under evacuation orders. Live Coronavirus: UK records 1, new cases as global death toll hits , Iraq registers nearly 4, new cases; Russia reports 4, new cases — follow the latest updates. Tour de France Teams will be expelled if two members test positive South Korea Social distancing rules tightened amid new outbreak ‘Very proud’ Ardern defends New Zealand Covid response.
France Holocaust denial graffitied at site of Nazi massacre.